Veritas Storage Specialist Exam 4.0

I came across this discussion group mailing list under veritas-vx group and this guy from Russia i think had this link for download. The exam CD.


When SF4.0 was released VERITAS released a free CD for partners to introduce
them to the new features of SF4.0 and prepare them for SF-040. That CD was free
only for those, who passed FS-035. But I think, because SF 5.0 was resealed
this CD is free for everybody.
You can find some useful material for SF-040 here (most text are in Russian, sorry…)
The CD is here (~173MB)
(it’s in English)

SF documentation can be very use full for exam preparation (this is
SF5.0 NOT 4.0 docs!)

Use this link to investigate exam objectives and take a test
Other free tests:


My Cool Gmail

I have installed this ad don called BetterGmail2, this is really cool ad dons. Recognize gmail below? :D

Free Veritas Cluster Server (VCS) Simulator

Veritas Cluster Server (VCS) is a High Availability (HA) cluster software for Linux, UNIX and Windows systems.

Symantec (they have bought Veritas) offers a freely available VCS emulator software that lets you train your skills. You can also use the freely available documentation. Here is the Solaris Veritas Cluster Server (VCS) manual. Of course, you could just grab the trial and run 2 Solaris (or Linux) virtual machines in VMware Server

Tips on Filling your Vehicles

Realize the ValueTips on Filling your Vehicles

his is a Message received from a friend:

I don't know what you guys are paying for petrol... but here in Durban, we are also paying higher, up to 47.35 per litre. But my line of work is in petroleum for about 31 years now, so here are some tricks to get more of your money's worth for every litre. Here at the Marian Hill Pipeline, where I work in Durban, we deliver about 4 million litres in a 24-hour period thru the pipeline.

One day is diesel; the next day is jet fuel, and petrol, LRP and Unleaded. We have 34-storage tanks here with a total capacity of 16,800,000 litres.


Remember that all service stations have their storage tanks buried below ground. The colder the ground, the denser the fuel, when it gets warmer petrol expands, so buying in the afternoon or in the evening.... your litre is not exactly a litre. In the petroleum business, the specific gravity and the temperature of the petrol, diesel and jet fuel, ethanol and other petroleum products play an important role. A 1degree rise in temperature is a big deal for this business. But the service stations do not have temperature compensation at the pumps.


If you look, you will see that the trigger has three (3) stages: low, middle, and high. In slow mode, you should be pumping on low speed, thereby minimizing the vapours that are created, while you are pumping. All hoses at the pump have a vapour return. If you are pumping on the fast rate, some of the liquid that goes to your tank becomes vapour. Those vapours are being sucked up and back into the underground storage tank so you're getting less worth for your money.


The reason for this is, the more fuel you have in your tank, the less air occupying its empty space. Petrol evaporates faster than you can imagine. Petroleum storage tanks have an internal floating roof. This roof serves as zero clearance between the petrol and the atmosphere, so it minimizes the evaporation. Unlike service stations, here where I work, every truck that we load is temperature compensated, so that every litre is actually the exact amount.


most likely the petrol/diesel is being stirred up as the fuel is being delivered, and you might pick up some of the dirt that normally settles on the bottom.

Hope, this will help you get the maximum value for your money.


Salah satu sebab minyak naik

Euro 2008 Headlines Widget

Golf: How To Build A Repeating Swing

Types of Resignation Letter





Flowchart: Claim Rebate Subsidy RM625

When Fuel Prices Go High

Patches in Solaris: Install and uninstall

Some applications require a specific set of patches in order to function properly. To list the applied patches or to dertermine the presence of a specific patch, use the showrev command.

To list all patches applied to the system, run:

showrev -p

Output of this command can be piped to another application like more which will display the output one page at a time:

showrev -p | more

To look for the existence of a specific patch, you can pipe the output to grep and search for a patch-id pattern. If you require a specific patch like 113964-09, it is advisable to search for the base id 113964. The -09 following the base id is the version of the patch. To look for the existence and version of patch 113964, run:

showrev -p | grep 113964

Read through the results carefully since the output includes other patch-ids associated with the patch. Most of the time, software requires that the version of the applied patch be equal to or greater than the one specified. Refer to the documentation of the software for specific requirements.

By default, the files replaced by the application of a patch in Solaris are preserved to enable removal of the patch and restoration of the system to its pre-patched state.

To remove a typical patch, such as 116012-01, run this command as superuser:

patchrm 116012-01

If you specified a non-default backout directory during the patchadd process, you must specify that during the patch removal. If the backout directory was /var/tmp/patch/backout, then the removal command would be:

patchrm -B /var/tmp/patch/backout 116012-01

You must specify the fully qualified (absolute) path to the backout directory.

Apple unveils iPhone 3G

Written by Shaun Nichols in California

Apple has finally lifted the lid on the highly anticipated 3G incarnation of its iPhone.
Apple co-founder and chief executive Steve Jobs made the announcement on Monday morning at Apple's Worldwide Developer Conference in San Francisco. Known simply as 'iPhone 3G' the handset will feature a faster 3G wireless connection along with a new look and lower price tag. Apple claims that the new 3G connection will be roughly 2.8 times as fast as the Edge wireless connection on the original iPhone (Picture on right: Images from Major League Baseball can be seen on an iPhone during Steve Jobs' keynote speech at the Apple Worldwide Developers Conference in San Francisco, June 9, 2008. REUTERS/Kimberly White). The company also suggested that the new iPhone would run faster than other 3G handsets, claiming that it outperforms the Nokia N95 and Treo 750 by some 36 per cent. The iPhone 3G will also feature support for GPS hardware, a curved all-plastic backing and a flush headphone jack rather than the recessed jack that limited accessory options with the original iPhone. It will also add a new colour option, allowing users to purchase a white model rather than the classic black. When Jobs first spoke of a 3G iPhone last summer, he cited battery life as a major hurdle. The company appears to have overcome that problem, packing a claimed 10 hours of 2G talk time and six hours of web browsing into the handset. Apple plans to drop the price on the 16GB iPhone 3G to $299, while the 8MB iPhone will cost $199, roughly one third of the price for the handset on its release last June. The iPhone will be released initially in 12 countries, including Hong Kong, India and Mexico for the first time. In later months, Apple plans to expand iPhone's reach to some 70 countries. For the initial 12 countries, which includes the UK, Apple will make the iPhone 3G available on 11 July, slightly more than a year after the first iPhone debuted in the US. "As we arrive at the iPhone's first birthday we are going to take it to the next level," Jobs proclaimed. "We have taken everything we have learned and more, and we have created the iPhone 3G."

Map a drive to the SysInternals tools

I've just spotted this entry on a technet blog where john Westworth describes mapping a drive to sysinterals tools over the net.

It's very simple:
NET USE z: \\\Tools\

Just replace the 'z' with a question mark to take the next available drive letter or your preferable drive letter. Once you've done that you have all the sysinteral tools available without having to download them on the drive you map.

Linux Is Bad Juju

Djoker- Kapan Kau Kembali

Intro to this Indonesia band from Bandung. I met the vocalist Irwansyah on my return trip from Bandung last two months. He is well known in Malaysia music industry as his older brother is popular dangdut singer "Iwan" with his hit "yang sedang sedang saja" on 90's and he is manager for his brother. However after few years in Malaysia, he return back to Indonesia to start his own journey of life. And that time he is coming to KL to finish his special songs with Mawi and Yassin.

BTW, this is his songs called Kapan Kau Kembali

P/S:Irwan semoga kamu suksess selalu.

Anwar Ibrahim on Bloomberg NOW, May 29 2008

Anwar's Ibrahim interview with Bloomberg, reviewing Malaysia politics scene.

Idris: There's no global fuel shortage

Thursday June 5, 2008
Idris: There's no global fuel shortage

ISTANBUL: There is no shortage of oil in the world and its present price
level was driven up by unreal speculation, said Malaysia Airlines managing
director and chief executive Datuk Seri Idris Jala.

He said the present oil price at over US$135 was unrealistic and based on
certain global events that might have caused a shortage of supply.

"These people (speculators and hedge funds) buy oil futures and say that
this or that event may cause an oil shortage.

"Not very long after this, people react to this and by then the message
would be 'there is a shortage of supply' even though there is none," Idris
told the international media here at the close of the 64th International Air
Transport Association annual general meeting.

IATA, which is an association of legacy full service airlines with over 200
members, had issued a statement at the end of its meeting that the industry
was now in a state of an emergency because of the fuel price crisis.

Idris was a former senior executive with Shell Plc based in London and the
Hague for almost 20 years. While there, he had headed various departments,
including business development.

Speaking as a former oilman, Idris said there were two ways to see whether
there was an oil shortage.

"First, look at the oil tankers at sea. If they are not moving and just
floating out at sea, that means they have no crude or processed oil to
transport. That is not happening and that means there is no shortage.

"Second, go to the petrol stations. If there are long queues, that means
there is a shortage. Again, this is not happening and this can only mean
there is more than enough supply.

"As an ex-oilman, I tell you there is no shortage."

Idris pointed out that certain analysts and financial companies that
produced reports about the shortage were also oil futures traders.

Asked what he thought was the fair value of crude oil at present, Idris
replied: "US$40."

He also criticised speculators and hedge funds, saying that he did not trust
anything that he could not touch.

"I always believe in the brick and mortar – something I can touch. These
people are trading with nothing.

"Many years ago, we at Shell had wanted to buy Enron. I was leading the team
then and we hired over 60 consultants to study how a company with no oil
fields, refineries or gas stations could make so much money.

"One of the consultants tried to convince me to recommend to the Shell
bosses to buy Enron but I said no because I could not touch what they were
trading in," Idris said in the one-hour briefing for the media about MAS'
performance and future.

He only expressed his opinion on the oil crisis after being asked by several

Idris was proven right on Enron because the so-called energy company
collapsed four years ago under massive accounting fraud.


This might be true, the current oil price goes to high due to this speculation. Anyone
here who has friend working in Oil and Gas company, ask them how their company
doing at the moment. The speculation make it worst mainly from the west. And Pak Lah why
dont you start it by not using tax payers money to fill in your car, how's that sound.

Minyak Naik:Pak Lah kata 'Ubah Gaya Hidup"

Courtesy of y4cmalaysia

How can I determine the cause of system performance problems in HPUX?

Symptoms of CPU, disk, memory, and networking bottlenecks

For each symptom described below, some suggestions of commands to check for each symptom are given. More information on the commands and their output may be found in their respective man pages, and the Glance help screens are very useful for describing the meaning of particular fields displayed in Glance. It is important to note that no one tool can be relied on totally. It takes a combination of tools to gain an accurate picture of system performance. And again, the only truly accurate measure that can be used is: is this value good or bad as compared to when the system runs fine.

    CPU Bottlenecks
    Zero percent idle CPU time (sar -u, top).
With zero percent idle, high percent user CPU time compared to
system CPU time (sar -u, top).
Large run queue size sustained over time (vmstat 5 30, uptime).
Many processes blocked on priority (Glance).
Slow response time.
High percent system CPU time (sar -u, top).
    Disk Bottlenecks
    High disk utilization (sar -d, iostat, glance).
Large disk queue length (sar -d, iostat, glance).
High %wio (sar -u).
Low buffer cache hit rates (sar -b).
Large run queue with idle CPU (vmstat 5 30).
    Memory Bottlenecks
    High sustained page _out_ rates (paging in is normal) (vmstat 5 30).
Small number of free and active virtual memory pages (vmstat 5 30).
High disk activity on swap devices (sar -d, glance, iostat).
Out of memory errors.
CPU time given to vhand (and swapper at 9.X) (ps -ef, top, glance).
Excessive CPU time given to system versus user processes.

Flow chart for diagnosing CPU, memory, or disk bottlenecks

Start with Step 1, which begins by looking at CPU usage, and follow the instructions from there towards diagnosing CPU, memory, or disk bottlenecks. For each step below, look for trends over a sustained period of time from data gathered while the system is performing poorly. Again, accurate diagnosis can only be made when this data is compared to data collected when the system is performing well.

    Step 1
    # sar -u [interval] [iterations]
(example: sar -u 5 30)
Is the %idle low? This is the percentage of time that the CPU is
not running processes. Zero %idle over a sustained period could be
the first indication of a CPU bottleneck.
      No  -> The system is not CPU bound.  Go to Step 3.
Yes -> The system is possibly either CPU, memory, or I/O
bound. Go to Step 2.
    Step 2
    Is %usr high?  Many systems normally operate with 80% of the CPU
time spent as user time, and 20% spent as system time. Other
systems normally use more or less than 80% user time.
      No  -> The system may be experiencing either a CPU, memory, or
I/O bottleneck. Go to Step 3.
Yes -> The system is likely experiencing a CPU bottleneck due to
user processes. Go to Section 3, Part A, Tuning a system
with a CPU bottleneck.
    Step 3
    Does %wio have a value > 15?
      Yes -> Keep this in mind later.  It is an indication of possible
disk or tape involvement in a bottleneck. Go to Step 4.
No -> Go to Step 4.
    Step 4
    # sar -d [interval] [iterations]
Is %busy for any of the disks >50? (Remember, 50% is a rough
guide, a better question would be is it much higher than normal for
your system. On some systems even a %busy value of 20 may indicate
a disk bottleneck, while others may normally have disks that
are 50% busy.) For this same disk, is avwait > avserv?
      No  -> Most likely no disk bottlenecks, go to Step 6.
Yes -> There seems to be an IO bottleneck on this device.
Go to Step 5.
    Step 5
    There is a disk bottleneck on the system.  What is on that
bottlenecked disk?
      Raw Partitions,
File Systems -> Go to Section 3, Part B, Tuning a system with
a Disk I/O bound system.
Swap -> Possibly caused by a memory bottleneck.
Goto Step 6.
    Step 6
    # vmstat [interval] [iterations]
Over sustained periods of time, is po > 0?
Is (free * 4k) < 2 MB, for a s800 system
(free * 4k < 1 MB for s700)? (The values 2 MB and 1 MB are rough
guides, the actual value of LOTSFREE, the point at which a system
begins paging, is calculated at system boot time and is based on
the size of system memory.)
      No ->  If, in step 1, %idle was low, the system is most likely
CPU bound. Go to Section 3, Part A, Tuning a CPU bound
system. If %idle was not low, there does not appear to
be either a CPU, a disk i/o, or a memory bottleneck.
Go to Section 4, Other Bottlenecks.
Yes -> There is a memory bottleneck on the system. Go to
Section 3, Part C, Tuning a Memory bound system.

HP-UX 11.11 : Largefile Options

By default as in HP-UX 11i, nolargefiles is the default setting. However, problem will be encountered when you want to create a file exceeding 2Gb or in my case when i was trying to restore a database file from a raw backup.

To verify if the lvol (filesystem) is already configured for largefiles:

# fstyp -v /dev/vgXY/lvolX | grep f_flag
---> 16= largefiels
0 = no largefiles

#fstyp -v /dev/vg01/rlvol12
no largefile

if f_featurebits is logically anded with 2 (2,3,6,7... for 010 011 0110 0111...) then large files is enabled.

To convert the largefile option on the fly, run the following command:

fsadm -f vxfs -o largefiles /dev/vgxx/lvolxx

edit /etc/fstab and update nolargefiles to largefiles if it is originally mounted.

Test create 6gigs file:
#prealloc /mnt/san/db/prod/test.file 6000000000

If the largefile option is not enable, the following error will appear:
prealloc: File too large

EURO 2008 Calendar for Malaysia TV

Fuel Petrol and Diesel Price Hike!

There's only one word i could describe by this new what PM said a new scheme on how to control our fuel subsidy. IT IS Ridiculous !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Orang tak sekolah pun boleh kira how this will affect our social and economy. The services, the surcharge of the fare, food price, a glass of Milo Ais. Its all will be affected soon, and with our countries average salary for middle class economy people our country soon will be one of the highest inflation country.

Kalau kat singapore they want to compare, its different over there their public transport is very efficient. They still can go anywhere if they dont have a car.

Akhir kata, what the *.

p/s: Lepas ni naik beskal :)

From Utusan Online:

PUTRAJAYA 4 Jun - Harga petrol dinaikkan RM0.78 seliter kepada RM2.70 seliter berkuat kuasa mulai esok.

Ia merupakan kenaikan harga hampir 40 peratus daripada harga RM1.92 seliter sekarang.

Perdana Menteri, Datuk Seri Abdullah Ahmad Badawi mengumumkan pada sidang akhbar di sini hari ini.

Harga diesel turut dinaikkan sebanyak RM1 kepada RM2.58 seliter daripada RM1.58 sekarang.

Bagaimanapun, untuk mengurangkan beban rakyat, Abdullah berkata, kerajaan akan memperkenalkan rebat tunai bahan api dibayar kepada pemilik kenderaan persendirian sebagai satu bentuk subsidi minyak.

Perdana Menteri juga mengumumkan tarif elektrik Tenaga Nasional Berhad (TNB) yang ditentukan secara progresif berdasarkan kegunaan. - Utusan.

Let see what happen in Shell Petrol Station in Bangsar (taken from Malaysiakini Channel):

How It Works: Solaris 8 Container

New CMT systems are ideal platforms to consolidate Solaris 8 and 9 applications with the new Solaris 8 & Solaris 9 Containers software. (8:51)


For sale! Bid now